A&P and Arterial Blood Gases (2 CEU)
1. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system.
2. Discuss the mechanisms that control respiration.
3. Discuss the steps in diffusion and gas exchange.
4. Discuss the relationships described by the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve.
5. Describe factors that affect the work of breathing.
6. Discuss the clinical implications of normal and abnormal ABG values.
7. Discuss compensation mechanisms for pH imbalances.
8. Describe ABG test processes and interpretation.
Assessment and Airway Management (1 CEU)
1. Explain the process of assessing the pulmonary system, elaborating on the components of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
2. Discuss the importance of medical history as the bedside inspection is initiated.
3. Describe the process of chest auscultation and the implications of misplaced breath sounds.
4. List four changes that occur in the respiratory system as a result of aging.
5. Describe the requirements for normal oxygenation, and list the signs and symptoms of oxygen deprivation.
6. Describe four oxygen delivery devices and the criteria/parameters for each.
7. Explain two assistive/correction actions for airway obstruction.
Disease States (1 CEU)
1. Calculate the V/Q ratio and the PaO2/FiO2 ratio.
2. Identify the pathology, etiology, and clinical presentation for a patient with acute respiratory failure.
3. Describe the physical findings and list the factors included in the clinical assessment of the patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
4. List treatment, therapy and medications used in the treatment of a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
5. Describe the physical findings and list the factors included in the clinical assessment of the patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.
6. Identify the various medications and therapies used in the treatment of a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.
7. Identify the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, pulmonary emboli, and lung cancer, and treatment options for each.
Ventilation and Chest Tubes (1 CEU)
1. Explain various modes of ventilation.
2. List three interventions that assist in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
3. Differentiate between high pressure and low pressure alarms as well as circumstances when they occur.
4. Describe how positive pressure ventilation can affect several body system functions.
5. Describe appropriate suctioning technique and supplies necessary for the process.
6. Describe indications for chest tube placement and chest drainage systems utilized.
7. Explain appropriate maintenance techniques and troubleshooting activities for chest tubes.
8. List two indications for chest tube clamping and the guidelines utilized.